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– It is the upper part of the tooth and is the only place that can be clearly seen with the eye. The shape of the crown determines the function of the tooth. For example, the front teeth have a sharp shape for extracting food and molars have flat surfaces for grinding food.
– It is where the tooth and gum meet. If proper brushing and tooth cleaning are not done, plaque and tartar can form in the gum line, causing gingivitis and gum disease.
– It is the part of the tooth that is embedded in the bone. The root makes up about two-thirds of the tooth and holds the tooth in place.
– It is the outermost layer of the tooth. Enamel is also the hardest and most mineralized tissue in the body. If proper mouth cleaning is not provided, the condition can result in bruising.
– It is the tooth layer under the enamel. If it can move through the rotten enamel, the next place it will reach is dentin. In this section there are millions of canals leading to the pulp.
– Soft tissue in the center of the tooth where nerve tissues and blood vessels are located. Pain is usually felt when the bruise reaches the pulp.
How many types of teeth are there?
Each tooth has a specific function:
– Sharp front teeth used for cutting food (Four on top and four on bottom).
– These teeth, also called canines, have sharp tips and are useful for plucking.
– There are two bumps (pointed ends) on the chewing surfaces of these teeth. It serves to crumble and tear small molars.
They are used to grind food. There are multiple bumps on the chewing surface.