Category Archives: For kids

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Dental traumas, which are extremely worrying for both the family and the child, are seen in approximately 1/3 of all children.
Especially children between the ages of 1 and 3 often fall because they cannot balance yet while learning to walk.

The teeth most affected by these falls are the upper anterior incisors.
While mild bumps often cause injuries to soft tissues such as lips and gums, severe bumps can cause tooth shaking, fractures in the mouth or root of the tooth, and sometimes even completely dislocation of the tooth.

– What should I do in dental trauma?

In case of dental trauma, first of all, parents should be calm and apply what should be done without panic. First of all, the most important point to know is that regardless of the size of the trauma, you should definitely reach your dentist and exchange information. Even traumas that seem insignificant from the outside can cause tooth loss.

If the entire tooth is displaced, it should be washed under clean, running water, keeping the root of the tooth intact. The ideal environment for the falling tooth to be delivered to the dentist is in the mouth. However, we do not recommend this method because the child can easily swallow the tooth. If the falling tooth is not in milk, if possible, it should be delivered to the physician as soon as possible in clean water. When you deliver the tooth, your dentist will decide whether the tooth will be relocated or not, depending on whether the falling tooth is milk or permanent, the tooth pit and the tooth being affected by trauma.


• Contact your physician without wasting time.
• Wash the dislocated or broken tooth with clean running water without touching its root and deliver it to your doctor in milk.
• Do not shake the rocking tooth any more and seek medical advice immediately.
• Even if there is no visible problem in the teeth after trauma, definitely go to the dentist’s examination at an appropriate time. Traumas that are not visible from the outside but buried or damage the underlying permanent teeth can lead to tooth loss and tooth distortion in the long term.

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– What is baby bottle tooth decay?

Early childhood decays, also known as baby bottle caries; It is a common type of caries that starts on the upper incisors of babies and progresses very quickly.

Bottle caries first begins with chalky white stains on the enamel of the teeth. Over time, tissue loss is observed from the enamel and yellow-brown stains replace the white chalky stains. Often the caries is very advanced when the family notices tooth decay.

In bottle rot; It is not the bottle that causes the caries, but the milk in the bottle. Both breast milk and cow’s milk naturally contain a lot of sugar (lactose). Milk that accumulates in the mouth by babies sucking breast milk before or during sleep or drinking cow’s milk with a bottle creates a suitable environment for bacteria to multiply rapidly. The decrease in saliva secretion during sleep facilitates the dissolution of enamel against acid produced by bacteria. For this reason, care should be taken to clean the milk teeth, especially after night feeding.

– Is baby bottle tooth decay important?

If the teeth with bottle decay are not treated, they cause pain and inflammation, and the inflamed or aching teeth cause the baby to be uneasy and the diet to deteriorate. Inflammation also affects the permanent teeth that will come from the bottom and causes them to be deformed. If these teeth have to be extracted, speech problems may occur in the child.

– What could be the reason why my baby’s teeth are decayed even though he is not sucking a bottle?

In addition to baby bottles, giving pacifiers soaked in sweeteners such as honey, molasses and jam to silence crying babies is another cause of baby bottle decays. In addition, carbohydrate / sugary foods that are given to the baby’s hand to linger after the teeth erupt also cause tooth decay. Instead of such foods, the child has high nutritional value such as apple and carrot; It is necessary to direct them to foods that help to clean teeth.

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Orthodontics; It is a branch of dentistry that examines the deteriorating relationship between the face, jaws and teeth and deals with the treatment of anomalies. It is a known fact that crowded teeth cause problems in providing oral hygiene as well as aesthetic disadvantages.
Since the teeth are not lined up regularly, the retention of the bacterial plaque will be high, the acids produced by the microorganisms that reproduce here can cause decay in the tooth enamel and periodontal problems in the gums.

If we examine orthodontic treatments in 3 periods according to whether the milk teeth are in the mouth or not.

In the milk-toothed period; pre-school period. Problems related to factors that we call bad habits such as finger sucking, lip biting, long-term use of bottles and pacifiers in this period can be treated before a permanent skeletal anomaly occurs in the milk toothed period. For this purpose, appliances that receive force from inside or outside of the mouth can be used.

In mixed dentition period; This period is primary school ages. Apart from the milk teeth, it has started to appear in permanent teeth in the mouth. Milk teeth have a guiding role for the teeth that will come from below. Due to the untimely lost milk teeth, the sliding of other teeth towards this gap causes the area of ​​the teeth coming from below to narrow.

This may cause the permanent tooth to come out in a different position. If the deciduous teeth fall out late, it may cause the tooth coming from below to come out in a different position or to be buried in the jaw. Elimination of the chaos caused by these is the subject of orthodontics.

In the permanent dentition period; Incompatibilities between the jaws that start in the mixed dentition period and continue until the end of adolescence (such as the lower jaw being ahead of the upper jaw or far behind the upper jaw) are the subject of orthodontic treatment.

Apart from these, slippage of teeth due to gum diseases (due to periodontitis) and irregularities of teeth sliding towards the cavity of the extracted teeth are also the subjects of orthodontic treatment.

1-Mouth decays and gums should be treated before starting treatment.
2-Maximum care should be taken to maintain oral hygiene after the appliances are installed. It is necessary not to allow the formation of bacterial plaques around the appliances.
3-During the controls, the recommendations of the physician should be followed.
4-Appointments should not be delayed.
5-If there is a break in the movable apparatus or dislocation of the fixed brackets, the physician should be informed.
6-Reinforcement treatment should be worn for the time and at the times recommended by your doctor.


All devices used in orthodontic treatment, also known as braces, are given this name. They are mostly used to transmit force on teeth, but some are passive appliances such as habit breakers and reinforcement appliances. They are classified as movable appliances and fixed appliances.
Movable appliances: These are appliances that can be inserted and removed from the mouth and transmit force to the teeth thanks to parts such as springs and screws.

Fixed appliances: Tiny metal parts called brackets are attached to the tooth, and they are not removed until the treatment is completed.

In the selection of the apparatus, the method that will achieve the best result as soon as possible is decided by the orthodontist. The economic situation of the family, the desire for treatment and compliance of the child also affect the decision.

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When do teeth start erupting?

When do teeth start erupting?

In babies, the first tooth starts to erupt around the 6th month. However, delays or early tooth eruption can be observed in tooth eruption. However, systemic diseases that delay tooth eruption should not be ignored. These diseases are thyroid, parathyroid and growth hormone deficiencies that generally prevent growth and development.

There are tooth buds in newborns. Buds of all milk teeth at birth

And the first permanent molar (six-year-old female) bumps were formed.
Teeth that will last between 4-8 months:

If there is slight relief in the area of ​​the upper incisors, these areas indicate that the upper right and left lateral incisors are in progress. The lower and upper middle incisors have taken. The driving order is in the form of first upper middle cutters, then upper side cutters, then lower side cutters.

Teeth that will last between 8-11 months:

All of the lower and upper middle and lateral incisors are erupted.

Teeth that will last between 11-15 months:

All lower and upper middle side incisors have erupted. Upper side milk cutters last 12 months before lower side milk cutters. Then first milk molars start to erupt.

Teeth that will last between 15-21 months:

When the child is 18 months old, milk canine teeth begin to erupt.

Teeth that will last between the ages of one and a half – two and a half:

The second sutures of the upper and lower jaws have also continued. Root calcification of the milk teeth is completed one year after the crowns have erupted. Permanent 1st molar tooth erupts at the age of six. Six-year-old teeth erupt behind existing milk teeth at age 6. Children and parents confuse six-year-old teeth with baby teeth. Before these teeth are fully erupted, only the chewing face can remain in place for months. Food deposits cause decay. Sometimes gingivitis occurs.

It should be remembered that an effective brushing process is more important than paste.
Do Not Forget These!

– Do not give your baby sugary foods at the last feeding at night. should be.
– After drinking milk with a bottle, give pus in water and a piece of cheese for mouth cleaning.
– Do not immerse the pacifier in sugar, honey or molasses.
– Do not put your baby’s groin in your mouth during feeding, do not take the bites from your mouth and give it to the baby.
Do not give your child sugary foods and drinks between meals.
-Ensure that the inside of the mouth is cleaned by giving water after each feeding.
– Babies should be left with a pacifier and bottle after one year of age, and be accustomed to feeding using a glass and groin.
-The inside of the mouth should be cleaned with wet gauze after every feeding, starting from the birth of the child, and this process should continue after the milk teeth are rubbed.
– From the age of two, regularly brush your teeth twice a day under your control. -Choose toothbrush and toothpaste suitable for your child’s age.
The amount of toothpaste should be the size of a pea.
-Be careful that your child does not swallow the toothpaste.
– Consult your dentist for protective fluoride application.
If there is a bruise in the teeth of milk, be sure to have it treated.
Apply fissure sealant to 6-year-old teeth, which lasts from the back of the milk teeth at the age of 6 and must remain in our mouth for life. If there is decay, have it treated.
Take your child to a dentist check-up every six months.
-Get a habit of regular dentist check-ups.

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“Fluorine application is a method that makes teeth more resistant to decay formation and reduces caries-causing microorganisms in the mouth”

Fluoridation is based on the principle that the high concentration of fluorine strengthens the structure of the enamel by locally applying the gel-like fluorine to the teeth with specially produced disposable spoons.It is applied to the teeth in approximately 30 to 60 seconds. It has been scientifically proven that applying fluoride during 6-month periodic controls provides significant protection against caries.

As a preservative in mouth without decay, regardless of adult or child
By helping to eliminate sensitivity in patients with sensitivity problems in their teeth,
People with erosion in their teeth,
As a preservative in mouth prone to decay,
Individuals who have difficulties in maintaining oral hygiene or who need special care

On average, it is possible to prevent caries formation by applying fluoride in routine controls for 6 months and other protective methods. However, depending on age and the risk of caries formation, fluoride application at different frequencies may be required.

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It is a branch of science that examines and provides solutions to problems related to oral and dental health from birth to the end of adolescence.

The dental system goes through many periods in the process from eruption of milk teeth to permanent dentition in children.

During these periods, follow-up and prevention of tooth eruption disorders, application of preventive methods to decay teeth and permanent teeth, treatment of decays of deciduous teeth and permanent teeth, preservation of toothless cavities that may occur as a result of early extractions by making appliances to prevent tooth row in the future, even application of child prostheses to children born without teeth It is a science that includes many applications.

In the Pedodontics department, Pedodontists (Pediatric Dentists) carry out full oral examinations and all kinds of treatment and preventive applications of all babies, children and young people by taking a psychological approach according to the physical and emotional development of the children.
According to the researches about the frequency of caries in recent years; It is observed that the frequency of caries in children reaches 90% both in the period of deciduous dentition (2-6 years old) and in the period of mixed dentition (7-12 years old). For this reason, it is of great importance to apply decay prevention methods in order to protect the child’s future oral and dental health, and most importantly, the general health. Child dentists protect children from dental caries, which significantly affects their oral and dental health as well as their general health, by performing these protective applications at the right time according to the child’s dental and age development.
For this reason, you will have your child’s first oral and dental examination from the age of 1, and you will be able to fully protect your child from dental caries by having oral and dental checks and care at intervals determined by your pediatric dentist (1 in 4-6 months). The time of the first dentist examination and the dentist who performed it are of great importance in order to prevent the development of “Fear of the Dentist!”, Which we encounter in many adults today.