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Orthodontics; It is a branch of dentistry that examines the deteriorating relationship between the face, jaws and teeth and deals with the treatment of anomalies. It is a known fact that crowded teeth cause problems in providing oral hygiene as well as aesthetic disadvantages.
Since the teeth are not lined up regularly, the retention of the bacterial plaque will be high, the acids produced by the microorganisms that reproduce here can cause decay in the tooth enamel and periodontal problems in the gums.

If we examine orthodontic treatments in 3 periods according to whether the milk teeth are in the mouth or not.

In the milk-toothed period; pre-school period. Problems related to factors that we call bad habits such as finger sucking, lip biting, long-term use of bottles and pacifiers in this period can be treated before a permanent skeletal anomaly occurs in the milk toothed period. For this purpose, appliances that receive force from inside or outside of the mouth can be used.

In mixed dentition period; This period is primary school ages. Apart from the milk teeth, it has started to appear in permanent teeth in the mouth. Milk teeth have a guiding role for the teeth that will come from below. Due to the untimely lost milk teeth, the sliding of other teeth towards this gap causes the area of ​​the teeth coming from below to narrow.

This may cause the permanent tooth to come out in a different position. If the deciduous teeth fall out late, it may cause the tooth coming from below to come out in a different position or to be buried in the jaw. Elimination of the chaos caused by these is the subject of orthodontics.

In the permanent dentition period; Incompatibilities between the jaws that start in the mixed dentition period and continue until the end of adolescence (such as the lower jaw being ahead of the upper jaw or far behind the upper jaw) are the subject of orthodontic treatment.

Apart from these, slippage of teeth due to gum diseases (due to periodontitis) and irregularities of teeth sliding towards the cavity of the extracted teeth are also the subjects of orthodontic treatment.

1-Mouth decays and gums should be treated before starting treatment.
2-Maximum care should be taken to maintain oral hygiene after the appliances are installed. It is necessary not to allow the formation of bacterial plaques around the appliances.
3-During the controls, the recommendations of the physician should be followed.
4-Appointments should not be delayed.
5-If there is a break in the movable apparatus or dislocation of the fixed brackets, the physician should be informed.
6-Reinforcement treatment should be worn for the time and at the times recommended by your doctor.


All devices used in orthodontic treatment, also known as braces, are given this name. They are mostly used to transmit force on teeth, but some are passive appliances such as habit breakers and reinforcement appliances. They are classified as movable appliances and fixed appliances.
Movable appliances: These are appliances that can be inserted and removed from the mouth and transmit force to the teeth thanks to parts such as springs and screws.

Fixed appliances: Tiny metal parts called brackets are attached to the tooth, and they are not removed until the treatment is completed.

In the selection of the apparatus, the method that will achieve the best result as soon as possible is decided by the orthodontist. The economic situation of the family, the desire for treatment and compliance of the child also affect the decision.